Category: Websites about jackie robinson

Twenty-eight years later, on April 15,he broke the baseball color line and became the first African American to play on a major sports team.

42 Facts About Jackie Robinson

Here are 42 facts to celebrate the legendary athlete. Shortly after his birth, his family moved and settled in Pasadena, California. President Theodore Roosevelt, who died 25 days before Robinson was born, was the inspiration for his middle name.

He was also a successful tennis player, winning the junior boys singles championship in the Pacific Coast Negro Tennis Tournament. InJackie Robinson was drafted into the Army.

While in the Army, Robinson became friends with boxing champion Joe Louis when the heavyweight, who was stationed at Fort Riley at the time, used his celebrity to protest the delayed entry of black soldiers in an Office Candidate School OCS.

As a result, Robinson was commissioned as a second lieutenant in After an incident where he refused to sit in the back of an unsegregated bus, military police arrested Robinson at the request of a duty officer, who later requested Robinson be court-martialed.

At the time of the proceedingsRobinson was prohibited from being deployed overseas to the World War II battlefronts. He never saw combat during the war. Robinson was acquitted and then assigned to Camp Breckinridge in Kentucky, where he worked as an Army athletics coach until he was given an honorable discharge in InRobinson signed a contract to play for the Kansas City Monarchs.

They had their first son, Jackie Robinson Jr. The Robinsons had two more children: a daughter, Sharon, and another son, David. He became the first African-American baseball player in Major League history. He also won Rookie of the Year in with a batting average of.

The two men broke the color barrier in baseball in the same year and would talk to each other on the telephone to share their experiences with racism during the season.

websites about jackie robinson

Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese defended Robinson against violent and nasty racial slurs during his rookie season. Reese famously put his arm around him, a gesture of friendship that wasn't common for Robinson at the time. The moment has since been immortalized in art, statuesand movies. On August 29,in a win against the St. He was also a six-time All-Star between the years and He was subpoenaed because of comments made about him by prominent African-American actor Paul Robson.

At first, Robinson was hesitant to testify, but then was ultimately compelled to do so because he feared not doing so would hurt his baseball career. Jackie Robinson played himself in The Jackie Robinson Storya biopic about his life released in During the off-season, Robinson went on a vaudeville and speaking tour of the South, where he would answer pre-set questions about his life. He actually made more money on these tours than he did on his contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Robinson played in six World Series, but only won one in against the New York Yankees in a seven-game series. He was the first African-American vice president of a major American corporation.

Robinson was a political independent, but had very conservative views on the Vietnam War.Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia in to a family of sharecroppers. His mother, Mallie Robinson, single-handedly raised Jackie and her four other children. They were the only black family on their block, and the prejudice they encountered only strengthened their bond.

From this humble beginning would grow the first baseball player to break Major League Baseball's color barrier that segregated the sport for more than 50 years. InJackie Robinson engineered the integration of professional sports in America by breaking the color barrier in baseball. Batting numbers Special Batting numbers Postseason Batting numbers.

Companies that have used Jackie Robinson in their marketing or branding. Check back periodically for the latest announcements and posts about Jackie Robinson, and be sure to follow his official accounts on Facebook and Instagram. Skip to content. Facebook Instagram. Celebrating progress while continually striving to make sure freedom is realized for all Americans. Read More. Learn More. Achievements InJackie Robinson engineered the integration of professional sports in America by breaking the color barrier in baseball.

websites about jackie robinson

Bases Stolen. Steals Home. Home Runs. Words of Wisdom A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives. Jackie Robinson. Licensing Companies that have used Jackie Robinson in their marketing or branding. Latest news.He played as an infielder and outfielder for the Dodgers from through Jackie Robinson was reared in PasadenaCalifornia.

He withdrew from UCLA in his third year to help his mother care for the family. In he entered the U. Robinson led the Brooklyn Dodgers to six league championships and one World Series victory. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in He excelled in football, basketballand track as well as baseball. Robinson withdrew from UCLA in his third year to help his mother care for the family.

Army and attended officer candidate school; he was commissioned a second lieutenant in Robinson faced court-martial in for refusing to follow an order that he sit at the back of a military bus. The charges against Robinson were dismissed, and he received an honourable discharge from the military. Upon leaving the army, he played professional football in Hawaii and baseball with the Kansas City Monarchs of the Negro American Leaguewhere he drew the attention of the president and general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Branch Rickey.

Rickey had been planning an attempt to integrate baseball and was looking for the right candidate.

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During a legendary meeting Rickey shouted insults at Robinson, trying to be certain that Robinson could accept taunts without incident. Robinson led that league in batting average in and was brought up to play for Brooklyn in He was an immediate success on the field.

Leading the National League in stolen bases, he was chosen Rookie of the Year. In he won the batting championship with a. His personal experiences were quite different. Fans hurled bottles and invectives at him.

Not everyone in baseball was unsupportive of Robinson. When players on the St. Louis Cardinals team threatened to strike if Robinson took the field, commissioner Ford Frick quashed the strikecountering that any player who did so would be suspended from baseball. Dodger captain Pee Wee Reese left his position on the field and put an arm around Robinson in a show of solidarity when fan heckling became intolerable, and the two men became lifelong friends.

Of this period Robinson later stated. Plenty of times I wanted to haul off when somebody insulted me for the color of my skin, but I had to hold to myself. I knew I was kind of an experiment. The whole thing was bigger than me. His career in baseball was stellar. His lifetime batting average was. As a base runner, Robinson unnerved opposing pitchers and terrorized infielders who had to try to prevent him from stealing bases.

After retiring from baseball early inRobinson engaged in business and in civil rights activism.Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born in Cairo, Georgia in to a family of sharecroppers. His mother, Mallie Robinson, single-handedly raised Jackie and her four other children. They were the only black family on their block, and the prejudice they encountered only strengthened their bond.

Growing up in a large, single-parent family, Jackie excelled early at all sports and learned to make his own way in life. At UCLA, Jackie became the first athlete to win varsity letters in four sports: baseball, basketball, football and track. Inhe was named to the All-American football team.

Due to financial difficulties, he was forced to leave college and eventually decided to enlist in the U. After two years in the army, he had progressed to second lieutenant.

websites about jackie robinson

In the end, Jackie left the Army with an honorable discharge. But greater challenges and achievements were in store for him. The Major Leagues had not had an African-American player sincewhen baseball became segregated.

[email protected]: Dodgers celebrate Jackie Robinson Day

When Jackie first donned a Brooklyn Dodger uniform, he pioneered the integration of professional athletics in America. As a result of his great success, Jackie was eventually inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in As an African-American baseball player, Jackie was on display for the whole country to judge.

Rachel and their three children, Jackie Jr. Also that year, The United States Post Office honored Robinson by making him the subject of a commemorative postage stamp. Skip to content.Until that time, professional ballplayers of color suited up for teams only in the Negro Leagues. Jackie Robinson was born on January 31,in Cairo, Georgia, to a family of sharecroppers. He was the youngest of five children. After his father abandoned the family inthey moved to PasadenaCalifornia, where his mother, Mallie, worked a series of odd jobs to support herself and her children.

His older brother Mack, a silver medalist in track and field at the Olympics in Berlininspired him to pursue his interest in athletics, and the younger Robinson ultimately earned varsity letters in baseball, basketball, football and track while at Muir.

After graduating high school, Jackie attended Pasadena Junior College for two years, where he continued to have success in all four sports. Following the death of another older brother, Frank, in a motorcycle accident, Jackie decided to honor his memory by enrolling at UCLA in There, he became the first Bruin to earn varsity letters in four sports — the same four in which he starred in high school — and he won the NCAA long jump championship in Jackie ultimately left college in the spring of his senior year, just a few credits short of his graduation.

He accepted a job as an athletic administrator, but his dreams remained focused on the field of play. He spent two years playing semi-professional football for integrated teams in leagues in Hawaii and California before being drafted into the U. Army in the spring ofduring World War IIalthough he never saw combat. He was accepted into Officer Candidate School and was assigned to segregated Army units, first in Kansas and then in Texas. During this time, however, he remained close to Rachel, with whom he became engaged in He was acquitted on all the charges at court martial, but it has been said that his experiences during the proceedings likely shaped his response to the racist taunts he received, a few years later, from fans and fellow players at the start of his professional baseball career.

Jackie was honorably discharged from the Army in Novemberand he took a job coaching basketball at a college in AustinTexas. At the time, Brooklyn Dodgers executive Branch Rickey was scouting the Negro Leagues, looking for players who not only had the talent but the demeanor to withstand the pressures associated with integrating Major League Baseball.

It is said that during the interview, Rickey demanded that Robinson not respond when on the receiving end of racial abuse. His performance both on and off the field earned him a call-up to Brooklyn the following season. His debut with the Dodgers in was greeted with a lot of attention — not all of it positive.

Although Robinson quickly proved he belonged as a player, the color of his skin was an issue for opposing teams and fans. Hearing racist taunts from fans and players prior to a game, Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese is said to have put his arm around Robinson on the field to indicate that he was accepted by those wearing a Brooklyn uniform.

Still, Robinson endured racist obscenities, hate mail and death threats for much of his career.

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It was his play in the field that ultimately silenced his critics. Despite having been signed by the Dodgers at the relatively old age of 28, Robinson would go on to hit. He became the first black player to win the National League Most Valuable Player Award inwhen he led the league in hitting with a.

Robinson was an All Star every year from A few follow up questions1.

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